Asturian madre, Portuguese mãe, Galician mai, Catalan mare, French mère, Italian madre
Oscan maatreís "of the mother," Umbrian matres 'id.,' Faliscan mate "mother," South Picene matereíh "to the mother"
Gaulish matir "mother," Celtiberian matrubos "mothers," Old Irish máithir "mother"
Old Norse móðir "mother," Old High German muoter 'id.,' Old Dutch muoder 'id.,' Old Saxon mōdar 'id.,' Old Frisian mōder 'id.,' Old English mōdor (English mother)
Albanian motër "sister"
Old Church Slavonic mati "mother," Lithuanian mótė 'id.'
Ancient Greek μήτηρ (méter) "mother," Mycenaean ma-te-re 'id.'
Phrygian ματαρ (matar) "mother"
Messapian matura "mother"
Armenian mayr "mother"
Sanskrit mātár- "mother," Avestan mātar- 'id.'
A mācar "mother," B mācer 'id.'
According to Benveniste (1973), in Indo-European society, the woman who raised the child was called *anna, while the woman with the official title of mother was *māter. This was paralleled in men as well: the man who raised the child was *atta, while the biological father was *pəter.