The only free and comprehensive online etymological dictionary of the Spanish language
Note: results are returned based on order of importance. The top two are name and definition.
esperanza f. (Noun) "hope"
12th cent. From esperar and -anza, a noun-forming suffix indicating a condition of a verb.
As a surname, the name was originally given in reference to the religious virtue of hope. As a first name, Esperanza is more often given in reference to Saint Esperanza of Venezuela.
esperar (Verb) "to wait (on);" "to hope (for)"
12th cent. From Latin sperare "to hope;" "to breathe." From Proto-Italic *spīr- 'id.' Of unknown origin.
Indo-European
Romance
Portuguese esperar, Catalan esperar, French espérer, Italian sperare, a spera, Sardinian isperare
espíritu m. (Noun) "spirit"
13th cent. From Latin spiritus "spirit," "breath;" from spirare "to breathe" (see esperar).
As a surname, given in reference to the Holy Spirit, one of the three persons of God in Christianity.
Indo-European
Romance
Asturian espíritu, Portuguese espírito, Galician espírito, Catalan esperit, French esprit, Italian spirito, spiriduș
respirar (Verb) "to breathe"
From Latin respirare 'id.,' from re-, an intensifying prefix (see re-), and sperare "to breathe" (see esperar).
Indo-European
Romance
Portuguese respirar, Catalan respirar, French respirer, Italian respirare, Romanian respira
oeste m. (Noun) "west"
Late 15th cent. Old Spanish oüeste. Borrowed from French oeste 'id.,' itself borrowed from a Germanic source (compare English west). From Proto-Germanic *westera- "west," "western." The first element *wes- is of uncertain etymology, probably *u̯e-kwsp- "evening;" the second element *-tera- is a comparative suffix used in directions from Proto-Indo-European *-tero- (see -tr-).
Indo-European
Romance
Galician oeste, Catalan oest, French ouest, Italian ovest
Italic
Latin vesper "evening"
Celtic
Old Irish fescor "evening," Middle Welsh uch 'id.'
Germanic
Old Norse vestr "west," Old High German westar "west," Old Saxon westar 'id.,' English west
Balto-Slavic
Old Church Slavonic večerъ "evening," Russian véčer 'id.,' Czech večer 'id.,' Polish wieczór 'id.,' Slovene večę̑r 'id.,' Lithuanian vãkaras, Latvian vakars 'id.'
Hellenic
Ancient Greek ἕσπερος (ésperos) "evening"
Armenian
Armenian gišer "night"
Indo-Iranian
Sanskrit kṣáp- "night," Young Avestan xšap- 'id.'
Anatolian
Hittite išpant- "night"
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