The only free and comprehensive online etymological dictionary of the Spanish language
vela (1) f. (Noun) "vigil;" "night watch;" "sleeplessness"
12th cent. From velar (1).
It is unknown if this word or vela (2) is behind the surname Vela.
Indo-European
Romance
Asturian vela
vela (2) f. (Noun) "candle"
Very late 15th cent. From vela (1) in the sense of "vigil," as candles are part and parcel of night vigils. Ultimately from velar (1).
It is unknown if this word or vela (1) is behind the surname Vela.
Indo-European
Romance
Asturian vela, Portuguese vela, Galician vela
vela (3) f. (Noun) "sail"
10th cent. From Latin vela 'id.,' but originally in the neuter velum, which survives as velo.
Indo-European
Romance
Portuguese vela, Galician vela, Catalan vela, Italian vela
velar (1) (Verb) "to keep watch at night;" "to hold a vigil;" "to watch over"
12th cent. From Latin vigilare "to watch over," "to remain awake," from vigil "awake," "alert." See vigilia for a continued etymology.
Indo-European
Romance
Portuguese velar, Galician velar, Catalan vetllar, French veiller, Italian vegilare, Aromanian aveglju, Romanian veghea
velar (2) (Verb) "to veil"
16th cent. From Latin velare "to conceal," from velum "sheet," "sail" (see velo).
Indo-European
Romance
Portuguese velar, Galician velar, French voiler, Italian velare
velero (1) (Adjective) "fond of wakes," "fond of vigils"
Late 15th cent. From vela (1).
velero (2) (Noun) "chandler"
From vela (2).
velero (3) (Adjective, Noun) "fast-sailing;" "sailmaker," (m.) "sailboat"
From vela (3).
Indo-European
Romance
Portuguese veleiro, Galician veleiro
velo m. (Noun) "veil;" "cloak"
10th cent. From Latin velum "sheet," "sail." From Proto-Italic *wekslo- 'id.' Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *u̯eg-slo- "cloth," from the root *u̯eg- "to weave," but this is not certain.
Also the origin of the surname Velo.
Indo-European
Romance
Italian velo
Celtic
Welsh gwëu "to weave," Breton gueaff 'id.'
velocidad f. (Noun) "velocity," "speed"
Late 15th cent. From Latin velocitatem, accusative of velocitas 'id.' From velox "fast" (see veloz).
Indo-European
Romance
Portuguese velocidade, Galician velocidade, Catalan velocitat, French vélocité, Italian velocità