The only free and comprehensive online etymological dictionary of the Spanish language
quien, quién (Relative Pronoun) "who"
10th cent. From Latin quem "whom," accusative of qui "who." From Proto-Italic *kwim "whom." From Proto-Indo-European *kwi̯m 'id.'
Indo-European
Italic
South Picene pim "who," Paelignian pam 'id.'
Celtic
Old Irish cía "who," Old Welsh pui 'id.,' Old Breton pou 'id.,' Cornish pyw 'id.'
Germanic
Gothic ƕas "who," Old Norse hverr 'id.,' Old High German hwer 'id.,' Old Saxon hwē 'id.,' Old English hwā 'id.' (English who)
Hellenic
Ancient Greek τίς (tís) "who," Thessalian κις (kis) 'id.,' Mycenaean jo-qi- 'id.'
Phrygian
Phrygian κιν (kin) "whom"
Indo-Iranian
Sanskrit kím "what," "what for," Young Avestan cim "because"
Tocharian
A kus "who," B kuse 'id.'
"[It is entirely possible that] *kwi-/kw- was a relative pronoun in Proto-Indo-European. Both items became relative pronouns during the histories of individual languages, possibly at a stage early enough to be considered 'dialectical Proto-Indo-European'. Most scholars taking this line conclude that Proto-Indo-European therefore had no relative clauses." ~ P. Probert, Early Greek Relative Clauses (2015)
quieto m. (Noun) "quiet"
15th cent. A learned borrowing from Latin quietus 'id.' The native word was quedo. From quiescere "to rest." From quies "rest" (see quitar) and -escere, an inchoative verb-forming suffix (see -ecer).
Indo-European
Romance
Asturian quietu, Portuguese quieto, Galician quieto, French quiet, Italian quieto, Romanian cet, Sardinian achietu
quitar (Verb) "to remove"
12th cent. From Vulgar Latin *quietare "to release," "to calm." From Latin quies "rest." From Proto-Italic *kwiē-ti- 'id.' From Proto-Indo-European *kweh1-ti̯- 'id.' From the root *kwi̯eh1- "to rest."
Indo-European
Germanic
Old Church Slavonic počiti "to rest," Russian počít' 'id.,' Polish pokój "peace," Slovene počíti "to rest"
Armenian
Armenian hang "rest," hang-e-aw "to be rested"
Indo-Iranian
Avestan š́iiā̆- "to be calm," šāiti- "happiness"
quizá, quizás (Adverb) "maybe," "perhaps"
12th cent. Old Spanish quiçab. Probably from the common Latin phrase qui sapit "who knows." The problem is that following the ordinary laws of Spanish sound changes, qui sapit does not give us quiçab but **quisá(b). To remedy this difficulty, González Ollé (1981) hypothesizes that a phrase qui id sapit "who knows it" existed in the Iberian peninsula in Roman times which became the source. For the etymology of qui, see quien; for the etymology of sapit (3rd pers. sing. of sapere "to know") see saber.
Indo-European
Romance
Portuguese quiçá, Italian chissà
Originally just quizá. Quizás was created in the 16th cent. by analogy with other adverbs ending in -s.