The only free and comprehensive online etymological dictionary of the Spanish language
humo m. (Noun) "smoke"
11th cent. From Latin fumus 'id.' From Proto-Italic *fūmo- 'id.' From Proto-Indo-European *dhu̯h2-mó- 'id.' From a root *dhu̯eh2- "to smoke" (whence heder) and the noun-forming suffix *-mó- (see -mo).
Romance: Western Vulgar Latin: Asturian fumu, Portuguese fumo, Galician fume, Catalan fum, French fumée, Italian fumo; Eastern Vulgar Latin: Aromanian fum, Romanian fum; Sardinian: fummu
Indo-European: Germanic: Old High German toum "steam"; Balto-Slavic: Old Church Slavonic dymъ "smoke," Old Prussian dumis 'id.,' Lithuanian dū́mai 'id.;'
humor m. (Noun) "humor"
13th cent. Originally referring to bodily humors. Borrowed from Medieval Latin umor 'id.' and the h- added through hypercorrection. From Latin umor "liquid." From Proto-Italic *ūmo- "wet." From Proto-Indo-European *u̯h1-mo- "wet." A putative root *u̯eh1- "to be wet" is extremely uncertain.
Italic: Latin uvidus "soaked"
Indo-European: Celtic: Middle Irish fúal "urine;" Germanic: Old Norse vǫkr "moist," Middle Dutch wac 'id.;' Hellenic: Ancient Greek ὑγρός (ygrós) "wet"
humus (1) m. (Noun) "humus" A collection of decomposing organic compounds.
Borrowed from Latin humus "earth," "soil." From Proto-Italic *χomo- 'id.' From Proto-Indo-European *dhǵ-ōm 'id.,' with a stem *dheǵ- of uncertain meaning.
Romance: Western Vulgar Latin: French humus
Italic: Oscan húnttram "who is below" (< *ǵhom-tero-; the second element being the comparative suffix *-tero- added (see -tr-)), Umbrian hutra "the one underneath" (< *ǵhom-tero-),
Indo-European: Celtic: Old Irish "place" Balto-Slavic: Old Church Slavonic zemlja "earth," Russian zemljá 'id.,' Czech země 'id.,' Bulgarian zemjá, Old Prussian semmē 'id.,' Lithuanian žẽmė 'id.,' Latvian zeme 'id.;' Albanian: dhe "earth;" Hellenic: Ancient Greek χθών (khthón) "earth;" Indo-Iranian: Sanskrit kṣā́ḥ "earth," Avestan zā̊ 'id.;' Tocharian: A tkaṃ "earth," B keṃ 'id.;' Anatolian: Hittite tēkan "earth," Hieroglyphic Luwian takam 'id.'
humus (2) m. (Noun) "hummus"
Borrowed from Turkish humus 'id.,' which in turn was borrowed from Arabic ḥummuṣ "hummus," but more accurately "chickpeas," the main ingredient in hummus.
hundir (Verb) "to sink"
13th cent. From Latin fundere "to pour." The evolution from "pouring" into "sinking" comes from naval war; the word was used as a term for sinking enemy seacraft. From Proto-Italic *χund-e/o- 'id.' From Proto-Indo-European *ǵhu-n-d- 'id.,' a d-present re-interpreted as a nasal present, but the change from *ǵh- to *χ- in Proto-Italic is unexpected.
Romance: Western Vulgar Latin: Asturian fundir, Galician fundir
Italic: Umbrian hondu "throw down," Faliscan huti[c]ilom (?) "vasette?"
Indo-European: Germanic: Gothic giutan "to pour," Old English gheotan 'id.' (English gush); Hellenic: Ancient Greek χέω (khéo) "I pour;" Armenian: jew "mould;" Indo-Iranian: Sanskrit juhóti "pours," Avestan ā-zūiti- "butter," "sacrificial fat;" Tocharian: B ku- "to pour;" Anatolian: Hittitte kūtt- "wall"