The only free and comprehensive online etymological dictionary of the Spanish language
caballo (Noun) "horse"
10th cent. From Latin caballus 'id.' Of non-Indo-European origin. Borrowed from an unknown language in Asia with the root *kab- (compare Turkish käväl "horse;" Russian kobýla "mare;" Old Church Slavonic koņь "horse"). Further consider Semitic words for camel with a structure *gam- (Hebrew gāmāl), hypothesized to be borrowed from an unattested Sumerian word.
Also the origin of the surnames Caballero, Caballeros, first given to horsemongers.
Romance: Western Vulgar Latin: Asturian caballu, Portuguese cavalo, Galician cabalo, Catalan cavall, French cheval, Italian cavallo; Eastern Vulgar Latin: Aromanian cal, Romanian cal; Sardinian: cadhu; Extra-Comparanda: Albanian kalë
Hellenic: Ancient Greek καβάλλιον (kabállion) "workhorse"
Information from the Appendix Probi added. Cognates from Anatolian languages (Hittite, Luwian, Palaic, etc...) and Messapian were checked for accuracy. Material from Trask and Mitxelena on the Basque language was added, though much of their vast scholastic output remains unprocessed. Behind-the-scenes, we updated several security features.
Over 300 lemmata added. We had been working on these words and affixes for over a month. We lovingly call this update the "auto"-update because we finally added all of the words beginning with the suffix auto- "self."
Over 200 lemmata added and 22 new sources consulted. While those numbers reflect a great deal of work, the majority of our labor was spent on revising already-existing material: every entry received a much-needed re-formatting; erroneous cognates were corrected; and writing was edited for grammar and tone.
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