The only free and comprehensive online etymological dictionary of the Spanish language
guay (Interjection) "woe!;" (Spain) "great!"
13th cent. There are three origin theories of this word. If a majority of linguists is to be taken as some sort of consensus, then guay is probably from Latin "woe." Alternatively, the word is from Gothic wai "woe." From Proto-Germanic *wai 'id.' Both Latin and Proto-Germanic *wai trace back to Proto-Indo-European *u̯ai̯ 'id.' A third idea is that the word is from Andalusian Arabic *way. See Dworkin (2012) for further discussion.
Old Spanish guayar "to wail," guaya "wailing"
Italian guai, Romanian çai
Old Irish fáe "alas," Middle Welsh gwae 'id.,' Middle Breton goa'id.'
Old Norse vei "woe," Old High German "woe," Old Saxon 'id.,' Old English (English woe)
Latvian vai
Armenian vay
Avestan vaii-ōi (?)

The Spanish sense of "great" is a secondary formation through meaning reversal.

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The Online Etymological Dictionary of Spanish is a free etymological dictionary of the Spanish language launched on August 6, 2016. An etymology is not a definition but a history of a word over time. This site provides an account of the development of the Spanish language as best as historical linguists are able to ascertain in a way that is accessible both by laymen and academics. If you enjoy using this dictionary, please consider donating to help keep this site alive.